The four types of training in your program

There are four fundamental categories of fitness training that must be considered when developing a training program: resistance training, metabolic conditioning, steady-state conditioning and mobility.

The emphasis on each component, alongside the volume and intensity of the training, are what make each training program unique.

A strength athlete will have considerably more resistance training in their program compared to an endurance athlete, who will likely have an increased focus on metabolic and steady-state conditioning.

On the other hand, experienced and beginner strength athletes might have somewhat similar training compositions, however the volume and intensity of training will be higher in the experienced athlete’s program to ensure progression.

General population clients training for body composition, health and fitness gains tend to have a component of each in their training programs, as there is no need for specialisation.

The aim of good program development is to design a strategy that reflects the client’s goals, experience and preferences.

The exact balance of the training composition will depend somewhat on the trainer and their methods.

I’ve heard many times to ‘not train people like you train yourself’ which is important to remember, as each training program needs to be suited to the clients and their needs.

However, we all have certain preferences built into our coaching strategies that will somewhat bias the program we put together.

If you get two trainer’s to assess the same client and develop a program for their goals, I can assure you the outcome will be two unique strategies, both of which can be effective.

This week, I want to outline the four types of training and how I approach their use with general population clients, to better understand one of my programs or even put together your own.

Tom Fitzgerald